From Libya to Syria: The Rise and Fall of Humanitarian Interventions?
Brian Ferry March 2012
Soon after the waves of the Arab Spring reached the coasts of Libya and its people rose against the 40-year old dictatorship of Col. Muammar Qaddafi, a mass homicide campaign was immediately launched by the “Brotherly Leader and Guide of the Revolution” as he had himself called. On February 22, 2011, he announced that he would “purge Libya inch by inch, house by house, household by household, alley by alley, and individual by individual until I purify this land, “ calling the demonstrators “rats” and “cockroaches” to be wiped out. As his forces targeted the rebel stronghold of Benghazi, he vowed to “show no mercy.”
Horn of Africa: Humanitarian Crisis and International Response
Rhoda Margeeson, Ted Dagne, Charles E. Hanrahan, Lauren Ploch, Dianne E. Rennack, Marjorie Ann Browne, Susan G. Chesser / Congressional Research Service / January 2012
As a result of the worst drought in 60 years, regional conflicts, and conflict within states, a humanitarian emergency of massive proportion has unfolded over the past year in the Horn of Africa region. Current estimates suggest that more than 13.3 million people are currently affected, 250,000 of whom need food assistance in the near term to avoid death. Somalia has been hardest hit so far, creating population displacement within its borders and a refugee crisis of nearly 1 million people in the region, primarily in Kenya and Ethiopia.
Dimensions of Crisis Impacts: Humanitarian Needs by 2015
Humanitarian Futures Program / January 2007
This study offers an overview of key global trends and their implications for humanitarian assistance. It provides a sense of the scale of the numbers of people that could be affected by a specific set of drivers, shocks and humanitarian crisis agents between now and 2015 in four broadly defined regions: South Asia, East Africa, Southern Africa and Central Asia. This study reflects the findings of major international organisations such as the United Nations and the World Bank as well as those of leading private and academic research institutions. It relies heavily upon such reports as the World Bank’s Natural Disaster Hotspots and more recently the Stern Review on the Economics of Global Climate Change.