Africa has a long history of terrorism, but it has only recently begun to acknowledge the problem and treat it as a threat that transcends borders. Despite the slow start, the African Union (AU) has implemented a fairly progressive counter-terrorism framework, pushing states to coordinate their responses in order to close loopholes and shut down potential safe havens.
This framework has limitations, however, especially in terms of implementation. Some states have been reluctant to adopt the continental policy, as shown by the poor ratification of key legal instruments and the slow adoption of the model law.
A lack of resources prevents the purpose built terrorism research centre from operating at full capacity, and there is still no functioning continental court.
The AU should encourage states to meet their obligations, and take a more prominent role through its own institutions, such as the Peace and Security Council.